Virtual Reality Anatomic Lab

3D Models in Neurosurgery

Brain

Middle Cerebral Artery

 

Right Hemisphere

 

Confluence of Sinuses

 

Internal Carotid Artery

 

Extra and Intracranial Arteries

 

Venous Structures

 

Cortical Surface

 

Cortical Surface 2

 

Anatomical Landmarks for Identifying PhICA

 

Sulci & Gyri - Interlobar and Intralobar Sulci

 

BG Axial Cut

 

Perisylvian Network

 

Lateral Ventricles

 

Brain

 

White Matter Tracts of the Brain

 

Central Sulci

 

Left Arcuate Fasciculus

 

Inferior Fronto-occipital & Uncinate Fasciculi

Sulci & Gyri of Left Hemisphere

 

Dural Exposure

 

Cortical Exposure

 

Ventricular Exposure

 

Central Sulcus and White Matter

Venous Anatomy of the Cerebellum & Brainstem

 

Brainstem

 

Cerebellum

Surface Anatomy

 

White Matter Insula

 

Caudate and Fornix

 

Surface

 

Caudate and Fornix

 

Sulcie

 

Cortical Vasculature

 

Cortical Vasculature 2

 

Dura

 

Sulci and Dura

 

Sulci and Dura 2

 

External Anatomy

 

Dorsolateral Cortical Surface

 

Dorsolateral Surface Half Brain

Cranial Nerves

Skull

Right Temporal Bone

 

Left Temporoccipital Region

 

Temporo-Occipital Section

 

Temporal bone

Human Skull and Sinuses

 

Sphenoid Bone

 

Sphenoid Bone with Annotations

 

Sinuses

 

Sutures and Craniometric Points

 

Surgical Craniometric Points

 

Keyholes and Ventricular Accesses

 

Venous Structures

 

Occipital Bone with Annotations

 

Occipital Bone with Handwritten Labels

 

Fetal Skull

 

Angio Skull

 

Hemiskull - Right Side

 

Hemiskull - Left Side

 

Skull

 

Skull

 

Main Muscular Suboccipital Insertions

 

Anatomical Landmarks for Identifying PhICA

 

Top of Skull

Parietal Bone

 

Frontal Bone

 

Head

Superficial Muscles

 

Deep Muscles

 

Skin

 

Muscular Layer

 

Bone

 

Craniotomy

 

Dural Opening

 

Posterior Fossa Sinus and the Cranial Nerves

Major Ectocranial Landmarks

 

Skull Base

 

Pterional Window

 

Soft Tissue Layers

 

Dural Exposure

 

Mini-Pterional (MPt) Approach

 

Two-part Pterional Approach

Cavernous Sinus Orbital Apex Interface

 

Opthalmic Artery Type 2 Course

 

Orbital Apex EEA

 

Endoscopic Endonasal Approach

 

Movements of the CCJ

 

Nasopharynx/Craniovertebral Junction

Main Muscular Suboccipital Insertions

 

Superficial Layer - Posterior Muscles

 

Suboccipital Muscles and Vasculature

 

Angiosomes and Skin Incisions

 

Posterolateral Craniocervical Region 

 

Dural Opening

 

Far Lateral Modifications

Major Ectocranial Landmarks

 

Soft Tissue Layers

 

FTOZ Window

 

Two-piece FTOZ Craniotomy

 

Six Bone Cuts in Two-piece FTOZ Craniotomy

 

Bone Flap Removed in One-piece FTOZ Approach

 

Two-piece FTOZ and Mini-orbitozygomatic Craniotomies

 

Orbito-Pterional Window

Middle Cranial Fossa

 

Neurovascular Structures

 

Multicompartmental Endoscopic Anatomy

 

Vascular Components of the Petrous Face

 

Saggital Head

 

Neck

Internal Carotid Artery

 

Branches of the External Carotid Artery

 

Extra and Intracranial Arteries

Anterior Cervical 1

 

Anterior Cervical 2

 

Anterior Cervical 3

 

Anterior Cervical 4

 

Anterior Cervical 5

 

Anterior Cervical 6

Ligaments

 

Muscles and Ligaments

 

Neurovascular Structures

 

Surgical Lines

 

Movements of the CCJ

 

Craniocervical Junction and Subaxial Spine

Axial C2

 

Axial C3

Middle Cranial Fossa

 

Neurovascular Structures

 

Multicompartmental Endoscopic Anatomy

 

Vascular Components of the Petrous Face

 

Saggital Head

 

Spine

Thoracic Vertebrae

 

T5 - Muscular Insertions

 

Spine

Sacrum

 

L3 - Bony Landmarks

 

L3 - Muscular Attatchments

 

Lumbar Vertebrae

Lumbar Vertebrae

 

Thoracic Vertebrae

Atlas

 

Axis

 

C4 Vertebra

 

C7 Vertebra